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CentOS 6 安裝后基本配置基礎教程

時間:2012-07-09 16:16來源:知行網www.wtckvq.live 編輯:麥田守望者

1.網絡配置
(1)命令配置
# ifconfig eth0 192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0   //ip地址、子網掩碼
# route add default gw 192.168.0.1 dev eth0  //網關
# hostname centos   //計算機名
(2)文件配置
<1>修改IP地址
修改對應網卡的IP地址的配置文件
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0 (描述網卡對應的設備別名,例如ifcfg-eth0的文件中它為eth0)
BOOTPROTO=static (設置網卡獲得ip地址的方式,可能的選項為static,dhcp或bootp,分別對應靜態指定的ip地址,通過dhcp協議獲得的ip地址,通過bootp協議獲得的ip地址)
BROADCAST=192.168.0.255 (對應的子網廣播地址)
HWADDR=00:07:E9:05:E8:B4  (對應的網卡物理地址)
IPADDR=12.168.1.2 (如果設置網卡獲得ip地址的方式為靜態指定,此字段就指定了網卡對應的ip地址)
IPV6INIT=no  (開啟或關閉IPv6;關閉no,開啟yes)
IPV6_AUTOCONF=no  (開啟或關閉IPv6自動配置;關閉no,開啟yes)
NETMASK=255.255.255.0 (網卡對應的網絡掩碼)
NETWORK=192.168.1.0 (網卡對應的網絡地址)
ONBOOT=yes (系統啟動時是否設置此網絡接口,設置為yes時,系統啟動時激活此設備)

<2>修改網關
修改對應網卡的網關的配置文件
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network
NETWORKING=yes (表示系統是否使用網絡,一般設置為yes。如果設為no,則不能使用網絡,而且很多系統服務程序將無法啟動)
HOSTNAME=centos (設置本機的主機名,這里設置的主機名要和/etc/hosts中設置的主機名對應)
GATEWAY=192.168.1.1 (設置本機連接的網關的IP地址。例如,網關為10.0.0.2)

<3>修改DNS
修改對應網卡的DNS的配置文件
# vi /etc/resolv.conf
nameserver 202.101.224.68 (域名服務器)
nameserver 202.101.224.69 (域名服務器)

<4>重新啟動網絡配置
# service network restart

# /etc/init.d/network restart

2.軟件源配置
國內速度較快的常用更新源如下:
http://mirrors.163.com/centos/ 163-網易
http://mirrors.ta139.com/centos/ 中國移動通信(山東移動)
http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/centos/ 中國科學技術大學
http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/centos/ 東北大學
編輯yum配置文件:
#vi /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever – Base
mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

http://mirrors.ta139.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever – Updates
mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/

http://mirrors.ta139.com/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/

http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/

http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever – Extras
mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/

http://mirrors.ta139.com/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/

http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/

http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever – Plus
mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/

http://mirrors.ta139.com/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/

http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/

http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
#contrib – packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-$releasever – Contrib
mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/

http://mirrors.ta139.com/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/

http://centos.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/

http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/

gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
然后使用如下命令更新到最新系統:
#rpm –import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg-key*
#yum upgrade
3.安裝語言包
從安裝盤進行安裝,找到對應rpm包:
fonts-chinese-3.02-9.6.el5.noarch.rpm
fonts-ISO8859-2-75dpi-1.0-17.1.noarch.rpm
可以通過yum進行安裝,安裝辦法為:
#yum groupinstall -support
在上面的命令中, 是下列之一: assamese, bengali, chinese, gujarati, hindi, japanese, kannada, korean, malayalam, marathi, oriya, punjabi, sinhala, tamil, thai, 或 telegu。
4.解壓縮軟件
#yum install unrar unzip p7zip-full

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